Asia – Pacific News Causes for concernIn India (131st), journalists were exposed to violence stemming from the persistent conflicts in the states of Chhattisgarh and Jammu and Kashmir. The threat from mafia groups operating in the main cities of the coutnry also contributed to self-censorship. However, the authorities were no better. In May, they unveiled the “Information Technology Rules 2011,” which have dangerous implications for online freedom of expression. Foreign reporters saw their visa requests turned down or were pressured to provide positive coverage. In Indonesia, an army crackdown in West Papua province, where at least two journalists were killed, five kidnapped and 18 assaulted in 2011, was the main reason for the country’s fall to 146th position in the index. A corrupt judiciary that is too easily influenced by politicians and pressure groups and government attempts to control the media and Internet have prevented the development of a freer press.Illegal detention and intimidation in Mongolia (100th) and the Maldives (73rd) showed up the weakness of press freedom there. A climate of religious intolerance prevailed in the Maldives, where media organizations were subjected to threats by the authorities and had to deal with an Islamic affairs ministry bent on imposing the Sharia to the detriment of free expression. Authoritarianism and ambivalence at the bottom of the indexFreedom of information worsened considerably in two Asian countries under authoritarian rule.China, which has more journalists, bloggers and cyber-dissidents in prison than any other country, stepped up its censorship and propaganda in 2011 and tightened its control of the Internet, particularly the blogosphere. The first protest movements in Arab countries and the ensuing calls for democracy in China’s main cities set off a wave of arrests with no end yet in sight.In the autonomous regions of Tibet, Inner Mongolia and Xinjiang, protests by minorities regularly gave rise to a harsh crackdown by the authorities. In Beijing and Shanghai, international correspondents were particular targets of the security forces and had to work under the continual threat of expulsion or having their visas withdrawn. Journalists were prevented from covering most of the events that threatened China’s stability or might have given it a negative image. Vietnam (172nd) appeared to follow China’s repressive lead and fell seven places. Politically committed journalists and pro-democracy bloggers were harassed by the authorities while the courts continued to invoke state security to hand out prison sentences ranging from two to seven years. The blogger Pham Minh Hoang, for example, was sentenced to three years in prison and three years under house arrest on 10 August on a charge of trying to overthrow the government. to go further June 7, 2021 Find out more Help by sharing this information In Sri Lanka (163rd), the stranglehold of the Rajapakse clan forced the last few opposition journalists to flee the country. Any that stayed behind were regularly subjected to harassment and threats. Attacks were less common but impunity and official censorship of independent news sites put an end to pluralism and contributed more than ever to self-censorship by almost all media outlets. Burma (169th) showed signs of beginning to carry out reforms including partial amnesties and a reduction in prior censorship, but it remained largely under the control of an authoritarian government run by former members of the military junta reinvented as civilian politicians. Less than 10 of its journalists remain in prison at the start of 2012.In North Korea (178th), although news and information was able to move across its borders to a greater extent, no one knows whether this will continue under Kim Jong-un, the son and heir of Kim Jong-il. The dynastic succession, the dominance of the military machine and the government’s desire for power give no grounds for optimism. At the top, the good boys turn badThose who are traditionally good performers did not shine in 2011. With New Zealand’s fall to 13th position, no country in the Asia-Pacific region figured among the top 10 in the index. Hong Kong (54th) saw a sharp deterioration in press freedom in 2011 and its ranking fell sharply. Arrests, assaults and harassment worsened working conditions for journalists to an extent not seen previously, a sign of a worrying change in government policy.In Australia (30th), the media were subjected to investigations and criticism by the authorities, and were denied access to information, while in Japan (22nd) coverage of the tsunami and the Fukushima nuclear accident gave rise to excessive restrictions and exposed the limits of the pluralism of the country’s press. Follow the news on Asia – Pacific News June 10, 2021 Find out more Organisation Pakistani TV anchor censored after denouncing violence against journalists Receive email alerts Asia – Pacific RSF_en Download the full version January 25, 2012 – Updated on January 20, 2016 Asia News Mongolia : RSF urges presidential candidates to voice support for press freedom News June 2, 2021 Find out more In rural India, journalists face choice between covering pandemic and survival Violence and censorship on the rise in AsiaViolence and impunity persist in Pakistan, Afghanistan and Philippines, more repression in Sri Lanka, Vietnam and ChinaIn Afghanistan (150th) and Pakistan (151st), violence remained the main concern for journalists, who were under constant threat from the Taliban, religious extremists, separatist movements and political groups. With 10 deaths in 2011, Pakistan was the world’s deadliest country for journalists for the second year in a row.In the Philippines (140th), which rose again in the index after falling in 2010 as a result of the massacre of 32 journalists in Ampatuan in November 2009, paramilitary groups and private militias continued to attack media workers. The judicial investigation into the Ampatuan massacre made it clear that the response of the authorities was seriously inadequate. Journalists continued to be exposed to violence in Bangladesh (129th) and Nepal (106th), although less than in the past. In Nepal, journalists were regularly subjected to threats from rival political groups and their supporters. In Bangladesh, opposition groups and the ruling Awami League took turns to attack and obstruct the press. Despite genuine media pluralism, the law allows the government to maintain excessive control over the media and the Internet.In Nepal, a decline in attacks by Maoist groups in the south and greater efficiency on the part of the justice system account for the modest improvement in the country’s ranking. However, press freedom was marred by threats and attacks by politicians and armed groups throughout the year.
KAZOOS — Midtown Community School 4th grade students in Mrs. Mc Monagle’s classes investigated how kazoos worked by building their own. They also tried to improve their design by using different materials. ×
Morning ExercisesTo accommodate the increasing number of people wishing to attend Harvard’s Commencement Exercises, the following guidelines are provided to facilitate admission into Tercentenary Theatre on Commencement Morning:Degree candidates will receive a limited number of tickets to Commencement. Their parents and guests must have tickets, which must be shown at the gates in order to enter Tercentenary Theatre. Seating capacity is limited; there is standing room on the Widener steps and at the rear and sides of the Theatre. For details, visit the Commencement office website.Note: A ticket allows admission, but does not guarantee a seat. Seats are on a first-come basis and cannot be reserved. The sale of Commencement tickets is prohibited.A very limited supply of tickets is available to alumni and alumnae on a first-come, first-served basis through the Harvard Alumni Association. Alumni/ae and guests may view the Morning Exercises over large-screen televisions in the Science Center and at most of the undergraduate Houses and graduate and professional schools. These locations provide ample seating, and tickets are notrequired.College Alumni/ae attending their 25th, 35th, and 50th reunions will receive tickets at their reunions.Afternoon ProgramThe Harvard Alumni Association’s annual meeting, which includes remarks by its president, Overseer and HAA election results, the presentation of the Harvard Medals, and remarks by President Drew Gilpin Faust and the Commencement Speaker, convenes in Tercentenary Theatre on Commencement afternoon. For tickets (which are required, but free) visit the HAA website or call 617.496.7001.
A few homeowners have recently asked me about gray powdery stuff showing up in small areas of their lawns. This slime mold on turf looks like burnt wood ashes that have been scattered in small spots on a lawn.Those of you lucky enough to get a few sporadic showers or who have irrigated lawns may notice these slimy areas. Hopefully, rain will arrive soon to relieve us of this extended drought. When it does, slime mold may pop up on more lawns.It only looks harmfulSlime mold commonly occurs on all warm- and cool-season turfgrasses. It rarely damages a lawn. However, its sudden appearance on otherwise pristine lawns can cause homeowners a great deal of concern. Georgia’s humid, warm climate is favorable to slime mold, particularly during extended periods of rain.The most noticeable sign of this disease is patches of the gray or black crust-like fruiting bodies of the slime mold on leaves. The individual fruiting bodies are about the size of the head of a pin and thousands of them are embedded in the crusty residue on the leaf surfaces. In some cases, stalked, brightly colored fruiting bodies may form on leaf surfaces. These fruiting bodies are filled with dark brown to black powdery spores that are released when the sporangia disintegrates or is damaged. The affected turfgrass appears slimy or oily before the fruiting bodies form and become crust-like. Just lasts a few daysIn most cases, only one or just a handful of slimy patches are found scattered across a lawn, and they often appear in the same area of a lawn year after year. Typically, encrusted grass blades are not discolored or damaged by a slime mold. After a few days, the crust, or fruiting bodies, disintegrates. The slime mold usually disappears without a trace. Mowing or light raking destroys the crusty fruiting bodies of slime molds. Washing the affected patches of turfgrass with a hard stream of water breaks up the slime mold and restores the lawn’s beauty. Since slime molds may be more common on heavily thatched or poorly drained portions of a lawn, renovation of the affected areas should reduce the incidence of disease. Applying a fungicide isn’t necessary.
Facebook27Tweet0Pin0 Submitted by The City of LaceyThe community is invited to attend the 17th Annual Children’s Day Celebration on Saturday, October 5 from 11:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. at Huntamer Park (618 Woodland Square Loop SE).This year’s theme is ‘It’s a Circus.’ Children and families are encouraged to attend this free event dressed as their favorite circus character. Performances begin at 11:15 a.m. with the Charlie Brown Juggling Show, followed by DancerZone360 Dance and Acrobatic Troupe at 12:10 p.m., then the High Impact Dance Group at 12:45 p.m. The day will end with a circus parade featuring attending children at 1:45 p.m.Other entertainment includes music, circus entertainment, face painting, inflatable bouncers, and over 30 community booths with free activities for kids.Children’s Day is a free community event co-sponsored by the City of Lacey Parks and Recreation and the Lacey Timberland Library. For more information please visit www.ci.lacey.wa.us or contact Jordy Beasley at (360) 491-0857 or [email protected]
McLAUGHLIN INVADERS SET FOR MALIBU, LA BREA Happy, healthy and hell-bent on winning, talented East Coast invaders Cavorting, Marking and Watershed had their final major workouts Friday morning at Santa Anita for their respective Grade I stakes engagements in the La Brea and Malibu on Opening Day a week from tomorrow, Saturday, Dec. 26.Cavorting, an eventful fourth as the 3-1 favorite in the Breeders’ Cup Filly & Mare Sprint at Keeneland Oct. 31, went four furlongs in 48 seconds flat. Marking, unbeaten and untested in his two career victories, also went four furlongs, in 47.40, while Watershed went the same distance in 47.60. Each three-year-old was ridden by exercise rider Pat Correa.“I’m very happy. The horses are eating well, they’re bright, they’re very happy and fresh in this cooler weather,” said Neal McLaughlin, 46-year-old brother of 55-year-old trainer Kiaran McLaughlin, who is enjoying a cruise in the Caribbean.Santa Anita clocker Dane Nelson had Watershed going his first quarter-mile in 24.60 with a five furlong gallop-out time of 1:01.60. Marking was given 24.40 for his first quarter, with a gallop-out time of 1:01.80.“We came out of Florida, which is having heavy record heat right now, so it’s nice to see the horses in this cooler weather,” Neal said. “They are fresh and feeling good. I’m glad we changed our plan a little bit. Usually, we do our breezes at home and then ship here and run.“We changed up this year and came out two weeks early to breeze here over the track. The horses are happy, eating and enjoying the weather and I hope the plan works.“We’ll do that for Breeders’ Cup (at Santa Anita next year on Nov. 4 and 5), come out a little earlier, breeze them and hope they run well.”Cavorting, owned by Stonestreet Stables, LLC, is the most accomplished of the trio. The bay filly has had eight starts, winning five, including the Grade I Test Stakes and the Grade II Prioress. “She went super,” McLaughlin said. “It was nice to let her stretch her legs. She’s a bit of a high-strung filly and can be a difficult gallop, so this is probably her exercise rider’s second-favorite day. His favorite day is her day off tomorrow.“She’s certainly fit and ready and a fast filly. We just wanted a nice path and that’s what we got, so it went well.” All three horses are progeny of Bernardini, who stands at Darley Stud in Lexington, Ky. for $100,000. Marking and Watershed are owned by Godolphin Racing, LLC.Also working at Santa Anita Friday for the La Brea was streaking speedster Hot City Girl, going four furlongs in 47.40 for trainer Linda Rice.“She went well,” Rice said by phone from New York. “We’re happy with it. We wanted to get one breeze over the track before the race.” Hot City Girl, a chestnut City Zip filly bred in New York and owned by Lady Sheila Stable, won her last three starts, including the Safely Kept at Laurel by 8 ¼ lengths Nov. 14.The Malibu and the La Brea each offers $300,000 in purse money and will be decided at seven furlongs, the La Brea restricted to three-year-old fillies and the Malibu to three-year-olds.Two additional stakes will be presented Opening Day, the Grade II Mathis Brothers Mile (turf) and the Grade III Daytona.First post time opening day is 12 noon. Admission gates open at 10 a.m. TEAM McLAUGHLIN HAPPY WITH GRADE I CONTENDERSSTAKES DEBUT FOR VIGILANTE IN MATHIS BROTHERS McANALLY NEARS SEVENTH DECADE AT SANTA ANITAPOPULAR WALL CALENDAR FREE TO FANS OPENING DAY VIGILANTE MAKES STAKES DEBUT IN MATHIS BROTHERS MILEVigilante, a lightly raced son of two-time Breeders’ Cup Classic winner Tiznow, makes his stakes debut in the Grade II Mathis Brothers Mile on turf Opening Day.Phil D’Amato is hoping for a solid performance, based on how the three-year-old bay colt owned by Gary and Mary West has been training.“He came in from back East after running at Keeneland on Oct. 21,” the trainer said. “We’ve had him for a little while and he’s doing well, so we’ll give it a shot.”A committed stretch runner, Vigilante came from 10th and last at the half-mile marker to win a one-mile allowance race on turf by three-quarters of a length in the Keeneland race.ANOTHER OPENING, ANOTHER SHOW FOR RON McANALLYRon McAnally has been around the track a few times. The legendary Hall of Fame trainer, who turns 84 come next July 11, has been at every Santa Anita meet since 1948, save 1950 and 51, when he served two years in the Air Force.A fixture at his Clockers’ Corner table as early as 6:30 when temperatures have hovered near the freezing mark on recent mornings, McAnally is sharp of mind and in relative good health as Santa Anita embarks on its 79th season the day after Christmas, Dec. 26.Born in Covington, Ky. and raised in an orphanage with two younger brothers and two sisters, McAnally would go on to reach racing’s greatest heights, training 12 national champions, the most famous of which was two-time Horse of the Year John Henry.He walked hots for his uncle, Reggie Cornell, trainer of the mythical stretch runner, Silky Sullivan, whose breathtaking rushes from last to first in the late 1950s would make him a household name.“I was a groom mucking stalls at Santa Anita with this little guy at the next barn, right where Paddy Gallagher is stabled now,” remembered McAnally, one of the oldest, if not the oldest, active trainers still on the beat. He might have more rings around his trunk than any of his contemporaries.“I went into the Service and when I came back, this guy was all the rage, winning races left and right. I didn’t know who he was.”The man was Bill Shoemaker.“I came here in 1948 in the dead of winter,” McAnally said, “and Lefty Nickerson had come in from the East Coast. It snowed like hell while he was here and he looked at me and said, ‘I thought it never snowed in Southern California.’”McAnally, ably assisted by former trainer Dan Landers since 1995, isn’t winning in bunches like he did three decades ago, but he takes it in stride, waxing philosophically.“No trainer can win races with bad horses,” he says. “But life goes on.”Indeed.FINISH LINES: Santa Anita will give away its popular full color Wall Calendar free on Opening Day to all fans at the track with paid admission while supplies last . . . The first 20,000 paid attendees will receive a $100 Mathis Brothers Furniture gift certificate, and the first 5,000 kids 17 and under accompanied by a paid adult will get a plush, mini-Thoroughbred toy, courtesy of the Mathis Brothers . . . Santa Anita will offer an opening day Trackside Package that includes special trackside seating, a free first drink, and an officially licensed American Pharoah T-shirt commemorating the first-ever Grand Slam champion of horse racing. Use promo code PHAROAH for $5 off the package price . . . Santa Anita Derby winner Dortmund, who worked five furlongs Thursday in 1:00.40 for Bob Baffert, will not run in the Malibu, the Hall of Fame trainer said Friday morning. “I don’t want to back him up,” Baffert said, alluding to the 1 1/8-mile Native Diver Stakes Dortmund won on Nov. 28 and the seven furlong Malibu. A more likely spot for the son of Big Brown would be the Jan. 9 San Pasqual Stakes at a mile and a sixteenth and a likely confrontation with 2014 Horse of the Year California Chrome . . . Another candidate for the San Pasqual is Gold Cup at Santa Anita winner Hard Aces trained by John Sadler, who said Santa Anita Oaks winner Stellar Wind is enjoying some R&R and won’t start back until mid-meet, with the Breeders’ Cup at Santa Anita a long-range goal . . . Triple Crown-winning jockey Victor Espinoza, a finalist for Santa Anita’s George Woolf Memorial Jockey Award, was a visitor to Clocker’s Corner Friday morning, recently back from Hong Kong where he participated in a Jockeys’ Challenge competition . . . Agent Nelson Arroyo reports that Stuart Elliott arrives from Kentucky next Friday to ride full time at Santa Anita. Arroyo also represents Abel Lezcano, who has been busy in the mornings working horses for alpha trainers Richard Baltas, Jerry Hollendorfer, Peter Miller, Doug O’Neill and Sadler . . . Multiple graded stakes winner Taris worked four furlongs Friday in 49.40 for trainer Simon Callaghan . . . Agent Michael Burns has taken the book of jockey Jose Verenzuela. The 48-year-old has been riding more than 25 years and ridden more than 1,500 winners with his biggest victory coming in the $2 million Group 1 Dubai Golden Shaheen at Nad Al Sheba in 2009 aboard the Jerry Barton-trained Big City Man for Saudi Prince Sultan Mohammad Saud Al Kabeer. A native of Venezuela and a countrymate of North America’s leading jockey by earnings Javier Castellano in addition to hot-riding Santiago Gonzalez, Verenzuela also rode for three seasons in Singapore, with his biggest success coming aboard Flax in the $500,000, Group 1 Raffles Cup in 2012. Burns also represents 25-year-old Gonzalo Nicolas, who began riding as a journeyman on Memorial Day and has ridden 51 winners . . . Greg Hendricks, 20-year-old son of trainer Dan Hendricks, was aboard multiple stakes winner Om as he galloped Friday morning in preparation for the Mathis Brothers Mile. “Greg’s been galloping for me since he was 16,” Dan said . . . Serving coffee free at Clockers’ Corner, generously initiated by Los Angeles Turf Club Chairman Keith Brackpool two days ago, is proving a rousing success. “We served over 200 cups Thursday, double our normal amount,” said hostess Rosie Ybarra. “Before, everybody would walk around with a Starbucks. Now they walk around with a Rosiebucks.”
To follow up on an old story, a satellite photo of the so-called “Ararat Anomaly” has been released (see 08/23/2001 entry). The photo taken by the Quickbird 2 satellite shows what is most likely a rock ridge. Some hunters for Noah’s Ark were eager to see high-resolution photos of this area; others thought whatever it is, it is in the wrong place. See World Net Daily and Live Science for the picture.This is probably nothing but a rock ridge. The most serious ark researchers deny this object has anything to do with the ark. It will take extraordinary proof to find Noah’s Ark, even if it could have survived at all. Still, let the search continue. Better to know than to speculate endlessly. Publicity and confirmation are not one and the same. SETI and astrobiology people need to remember that, too.(Visited 12 times, 1 visits today)FacebookTwitterPinterestSave分享0
Scant seconds before Asiana Flight 214’s tail struck the seawall at San Francisco International Airport the crew got a visceral warning of what might happen unless they added life-giving speed: the “stickshaker” started ominously vibrating in the pilot’s hands, emitting an impossible-to-ignore rattling sound, the sound indicating an incipient stall if the pilot didn’t take immediate corrective action.So, just what is a stall? What are the aerodynamic principles behind the lift-killing phenomenon?Wings work wondrously, and the end product is something called lift — the most elemental of forces, the phenomenon upon which rests all aeronautical laws and prophesies.Early aviators reasoned they could loft a machine into the heavens by curving the top of its wing. Air passing over the arched upper surface had to travel farther, and thus faster, than the air passing beneath. Fast air “weighs” less than slow air. That’s because its molecules are spread out. The wing is literally sucked up into lower pressure above, while being nudged up by the higher pressure below. That’s the essence of lift, something spelled out nicely in a law of physics called Bernoulli’s Principle. Lift is lovely. But it’s perpetually at war with drag. Lift gets us off the ground. Drag seeks to tether us to it. Drag is a combination of forces: friction, gravity and downward air pressure. When it dominates, bad things can happen. At worst, airplanes can fall from the sky.Lift increases with how sharply the airfoil (another term for the wing) is angled into the air. But the principle works only just so far. Beyond an angle of about15 degrees, the airflow over the upper surface of the airfoil separates from the wing itself. What was a smooth, lift-producing flow becomes a turbulent, roiling cauldron and the wing “stalls.” The upwards suction disappears!To restore lift, you can push the nose of the airplane over and gain airspeed. Asiana 214 was too low at the time to do this. All the pilot could do is try to restore lift-giving speed is to push the power levers (a.k.a. “throttles”) up. But the engines take a few seconds to spool up to full power and time had tragically disappeared – along with altitude.To prevent a stall from happening in the first place, to allow airplanes to climb more steeply, and fly at slower speeds, designers begat flaps on the trailing edge (the rear), and slats on the leading edge (the front) of the wing. Both extend the curvature of the wing. But even that has its limits. Keeping an airplane aloft requires a requisite amount of speed. Absent that, an aircraft can sink too fast of simply stall out. It appears the 777 did the former. Just before impact the Triple-Seven was traveling far below its targeted approach speed. According to the crash investigator the US NTSB the Asiana 777 was travelling 34 knots or 39m/hr (62km/hr) below its target speed at its slowest point just before impact. At impact it had gained just 3 knots.Back to the physics of it all for a moment: slats are critical at takeoff and landing, when an aircraft has to gain altitude at a steep angle while flying relatively slowly, or descend – nose canted slightly up – and maintain lift at the same time.The MD-80 was one of the first aircraft fitted with an automatic slat extension feature that gives pilots a greater margin for error. Ralph Brumbry, once a designer on the MD-80 project, said, “When slats are in the mid-extension position and, for any reason, you should slow down or approach stall, the change is sensed [by computers] and the slats open automatically to their full extension.” When the MD-80 gasps for a smooth gulp of lift it’s there – instantly and automatically.On takeoff, flaps are normally pitched between 10 and 20 degrees below the plane of the wing. On landing – when you want to go slower (but not too slow) – it can vary between 30 and 45 degrees. Together, slats and flaps sculpt the air, augmenting the gravity-defying lift bequeathed by the wing itself. But even they need a minimum amount of airspeed to make the magic work.
TagsTransfersAbout the authorPaul VegasShare the loveHave your say Man City made check on Napoli midfielder Fabian Ruizby Paul Vegas21 hours agoSend to a friendShare the loveManchester City are checking on Napoli midfielder Fabian Ruiz.The 23-year-old, who has attracted interest from both Barcelona and Real Madrid, has also been closely monitored by City in recent weeks.The Guardian says City sent scouts to watch Ruiz in action when Napoli played Salzburg in the Champions League on Wednesday night.Ruiz was named as the best player of the Under-21 European Championship last summer as he helped Spain lift their fifth title and has recently broke into the senior side.The Spain international can play centrally or on the left side of midfield and has been likened to City star David Silva, who is considered to be at the backend of his career at 33.
Andrew Vorhees, a four-star offensive tackle from Kingsburg, California, provided some great news for USC Friday night. Vorhees, a 6-foot-6, 290-pound player for the class of 2017, announced his commitment to the Trojans on Twitter. Vorhees chose USC over nearly every other Pac-12 school, including Oregon and UCLA.Vorhees is USC’s eighth commitment for the 2017 class, according to 247 Sports.I’m committed! #FightOn pic.twitter.com/LrbtMy7OFg— Andrew Vorhees (@AndrewVorhees55) June 10, 2016Vorhees is ranked as the 37th-best player in the state of California.